In mathematical analysis, an improper integral is the limit of a definite integral as an endpoint of the interval(s) of integration approaches either a specified real number, infinity, negative infinity, or in some instances as both endpoints approach limits.
Improper integral with infinite integration limits
Improper integrals with infinite discontinuities
Such an integral is often written symbolically just like a standard definite integral, in some cases with infinity as a limit of integration.
Specifically, an improper integral is a limit of the form: